Geography of SonbhadraSonbhadra district is the second largest district in Uttar Pradesh in terms of area. The district covers an area of about 6788 km sq that is about 2621 sq m of landscape out of which 152529 hectares of land is used for agriculture while the rest of 460087 hectares of land is used for residential and commercial purpose. The district is elevated at a height of 319 to 194 meters above sea level and the district has its coordinates at 24.6 degree North latitude and 83 degree East longitude. The district lies close to the ranges of Vindhyachal Mountain.
Sonbhadra is sited on the southeast end of Uttar Pradesh. Sonbhadra is the only district in the entire India which shares its boundary line with four other neighboring states of Uttar Pradesh namely Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh forms the southern end of Sonbhadra, while Madhya Pradesh forms the western end, Jharkhand forms the eastern end and Bihar forms the northeast end of Sonbhadra. The localities that shares the boundary of Sonbhadra are Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh in the Northwest, Chadaoli district of Uttar Pradesh in the North, the districts of Kaimur & Rohtas of Bihar state towards the northeast, Garhwa district under Jharkhand state towards the East, Koriys & Surguja district under Chhattisgarh state towards the South and Singrauli district under Madhya Pradesh state in the west. The districts that lie very close to Sonbhadra are Kaimur at 71 km, Chandauli at 75 km and Singrauli at 75 km away from the centre of Sonbhadra district.
Water Bodies in SonbhadraSonbhadra district is extremely affluent in its water resource as the district is flooded with numerous river channels, lakes, ponds and taalab. These water resources form the main source of water supply for agriculture and the thermal power plants sited in the district.
The district also lies very close to the banks of River Ganges towards its North. Sone River, Rihand River and Kanhar River are the two main rivers that flow into the district crossing most of its towns and cities and turning the land fertile and suited for cultivation. Sone River is a tributary of Ganges. Sone River flows from west to east of Sonbhadra crossing Newari, Chatarwar, Bargnawa, Jogaeal, Gothani, Shendhuriya, Chopan, Dalla, Vilemar Kundi, Kandhaura, Sashani, Kota, Barhmauri, Harra, Chakariya, Garawa, Narhati, Chanchi Kalna, Nakatvar and Arugur localities of Sonbhadra. The national highway 2C and the state highway 5A aid the people to cross the Sone River channels at Chopan and Ramgarh cities. Sone River is of total length 784 km with its source at Amarkantak and flows through Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar.
Sone River has got about seven tributaries and one of its tributary is River Rihand that flows through center of Sonbhadra district. The Rihand River starts its journey from Sone River at Shendhuriya locality of Sonbhadra and it flows through Chandauli, Obra, Panari, Asanhar, Pati and Renukoot areas of Sonbhadra. The Rihand dam was also constructed across this river channel near Pipri in 1962. The Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar artificial lake behind the Rihand Dam is a reservoir of Rihand River which is used for generating hydro electric power. Many important power plants in the district are sited along the banks of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Lake. A part of this artificial or man-made lake comes under Madhya Pradesh state. The Lake is of 38 feet in depth and it is elevated at a height of 870 feet above sea level.
Kanhar River is another river tributary of River Sone that flows through the district. It starts from Sone in Padarach locality and crosses Dumaria Mithailal, Khokha, Pipar Dih, Nagawa and Bhisur areas of Sonbhadra. Theme River is a tributary of Kanhar River that also flows through Sonbhadra. It starts from Kanhar River at Nimiya Dih locality and flows through Deo pura, Khajuri, Dhanaura, Rannu, Karri, Saradiha, Murata, Lilasi kala and Arangpani localities in the district. The other important water bodies in the district are Shivaji Taalab, Aadarsh Talab, Panchuakund, Dhandharoul dam, Akarwahwa Pokhra, Deep Nagar talav, Cinema hall Pokhra, Brakara Pokhra and many more.
Climate of SonbhadraSummers are hot and winters are cool in the district. The months of July to September marks the pleasing monsoon season in the district. The average rainfall in Sonbhadra is about 1036.6 mm.
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